Using external modules

Since EasyBuild v2.1, support for using modules that were not installed via EasyBuild is available. We refer to such modules as external modules.

This can be useful to reuse vendor-supplied modules, for example on Cray systems.

Using external modules as dependencies

External modules can be used as dependencies, by including the module name in the dependencies list (see Dependencies), along with the EXTERNAL_MODULE constant marker.

For example, to specify the readily available module fftw/3.3.4.2 as a dependency:

dependencies = [('fftw/3.3.4.2', EXTERNAL_MODULE)]

For such dependencies, EasyBuild will:

  • load the module before initiating the software build and install procedure
  • include a ‘module load‘ statement in the generated module file (for non-build dependencies)

If the specified module is not available, EasyBuild will exit with an error message stating that the dependency can not be resolved because the module could not be found. It will not search for a matching easyconfig file in order to try and install the module to resolve the dependency.

Metadata for external modules

Since very little information is available for external modules based on the dependency specification alone (i.e., only the module name), metadata can be supplied to EasyBuild for external modules.

Using the --external-modules-metadata configuration option, the location of one or more files can be specified that provide such metadata. The files are expected to be in INI format, with a section per module name and key-value assignments denoting the metadata specific to that module.

Format:

[modulename]
key1 = value1
key2 = value2, value3

Default

Up until EasyBuild v2.6.0, no metadata for external modules was available by default.

Since EasyBuild v2.7.0, a file providing metadata for Cray-provided modules on Cray systems is included, and is active by default (i.e., unless other files are specified via --external-modules-metadata); see https://github.com/hpcugent/easybuild-framework/blob/master/etc/cray_external_modules_metadata.cfg.

Example

For example, the following file provides metadata for a handful of modules that may be provided on Cray systems:

[cray-hdf5/1.8.13]
name = HDF5
version = 1.8.13
prefix = HDF5_DIR

[cray-hdf5-parallel/1.8.13]
name = HDF5
version = 1.8.13
prefix = /opt/cray/hdf5-parallel/1.8.13/GNU/49

[cray-netcdf/4.3.2]
name = netCDF, netCDF-Fortran
version = 4.3.2, 4.3.2
prefix = NETCDF_DIR

[fftw/3.3.4.5]
name = FFTW
version = 3.3.4.5
prefix = FFTW_INC/..

Supported metadata values

The following keys are supported:

  • name: specifies the software name(s) that is (are) provided by the module
  • version: specifies the software version(s) that is (are) provided by the module
  • prefix: specifies the installation prefix of the software that is provided by the module

For prefix, a couple of different options are avaialble, i.e.:

  • specifying an absolute path (cfr. cray-hdf5-parallel/1.8.13 in the example above)
  • specifying the environment variable that is defined by the module and provides the installation prefix (cfr. cray-netcdf/4.3.2 in the example above)
    • this can be optionally combined with a relative path that serves as a ‘correction’ (cfr. fftw/3.3.4.5 in the example above) [supported since EasyBuild v2.7.0]

Any other keys are simply ignored.

Note

When both name and version are specified, they must provide an equal number of values (see for example the cray-netcdf example above).

Handling of provided metadata

Using the provided metadata, EasyBuild will define environment variables that are also defined by modules that are generated by EasyBuild itself, if an external module for which metadata is available is loaded as a dependency.

In particular, for each software name that is specified:

  • the corresponding environment variable $EBROOT<NAME> is defined to the specified prefix value (if any)
  • the corresponding environment variable $EBVERSION<NAME> is defined to the corresponding version value (if any)

For example, for the external modules for which metadata is provided in the example above, the following environment variables are set in the build environment when the module is used as a dependency:

  • for cray-hdf5/1.8.1.13:
    • $EBROOTHDF5 = $HDF5_DIR
    • $EBVERSIONHDF5 = 1.8.13
  • for cray-hdf5-parallel/1.8.13:
    • $EBROOTHDF5 = /opt/cray/hdf5-parallel/1.8.13/GNU/49
    • $EBVERSIONHDF5 = 1.8.13
  • for cray-netcdf/4.3.2:
    • $EBROOTNETCDF = $NETCDF_DIR
    • $EBROOTNETCDFMINFORTRAN = $NETCDF_DIR
    • $EBVERSIONNETCDF = 4.3.2
    • $EBVERSIONNETCDFMINFORTRAN = 4.3.2
  • for fftw/3.3.4.5:
    • $EBROOTFFTW = $FFTW_INC/../
    • $EBVERSIONFFTW = 3.3.4.5

The get_software_root and get_software_version functions that are commonly used occasionally in easyblocks pick up the $EBROOT* and $EBVERSION* environment variables, respectively.